Background:  This research forms part of a series of papers that identify the kinsmen of Catharine McPhail the first wife of fisherman Duncan McTavish.  By widening the scope of research to include extended family members, neighbours and acquaintances of the McPhail and McTavish families, a more nuanced understanding of identity and kinship relationships emerge.[1]

The primary focus of this paper is to prove the paternity of merchant seaman Angus McPhail, born about 1839-1840 Glasgow, resident Oban. The interest in Angus McPhail emanated, from his 1860 conviction for fish killing, while in the employ of Duncan McTavish.[2]  A transcribed record of Angus’ incarceration at Inveraray Jail for salmon killing is available on the jail’s website. [3]  He also appears in several digitised Crew Lists & Agreements for the year 1881, held by The Maritime History Archive (Newfoundland), and on two occasions, sailed with Robert McTavish on the passenger liner Devonia.[4]  Until now, Angus McPhail was an obscure figure unattached to any family.

This paper is composed of two parts.  First, it tests the hypothesis that Angus McPhail is the son of Duncan McPhail and his first wife Mary Cameron then discusses whether there is enough evidence to surmise, that Angus’ parents were first cousins.  Biographical data is provided on his descendants.

The second part resolves what happened to Angus McPhail’s paternal grandmother, Mary Graham. Three different genealogies in which Mary Graham appears have not made a connection between Mary Graham, the first wife of Angus McPhail and Mary Graham, the second wife of Gilbert May.  This study makes an original contribution to the lineage of Angus McPhail and Mary Graham and their descendants.

Review of genealogies

Family-tree id 130006 rootsweb.  This genealogy concentrates on the descendants of Duncan McPhail, fisherman, welk merchant, peddler or hawker, bellman-town-crier of Oban.  Shows Duncan is the son of Angus McPhail, weaver (occupation listed on Duncan’s death certificate) and Mary Graham; shows Angus is the son of James McPhail and Katherine McCowan.  There is no mention of Angus McPhail 1839-1840.  The same tree reveals Isabell McPhail, daughter of James McPhail and Katherine McCowan married Donald Cameron 12 January 1819 at Kilmore and Kilbride. There is no mention of issue from the McPhail-Cameron union. The author is not aware of Mary Graham’s date of death and there is no reference to her second marriage.

On the Argyll list at rootsweb, author, Duncan McIntosh is looking to connect with relatives of Duncan May 1818-1885 son of Gilbert May and Jean Munro, born Kilbrandon, probably Balvicar.[5]  Moreover, on 30 March 1822, Mary Graham of Oban married widower Gilbert May and had issue five sons and two girls. The author does not mention Mary Graham may have been a widow and is not aware of her date of death. [6]

At http://balvicarmays.blogspot.com/2008/04/mays-of-balvicar.html there is an extensive and illuminating narrative of the May family of Kilbrandon. There is mention Mary Graham originated from Oban, the twenty year age difference between Mary and Gilbert May and the roots of the Omay-May surname but no reference to the surname McPhail. Sources are not referenced.

A limitation of this study is that this research relied on pay-to-view databases.  Access to repositories with unpublished records was not possible. The data in this paper is drawn from a number of on-line sources. The old parish registers and statutory records for births, deaths and marriages, Wills, census records and valuation rolls held by Scotlands People. In addition, Inveraray Jail’s transcribed prisoner records as well as newspaper articles in the Oban Times. A licence agreement between the Oban Times and British Newspaper Archive limits the availability of publications.

An outline of the descendants of James McPhail + Katharine McCowan

            McPhail Angus FR16 (FR16) 5 October 1783

            + Mary Graham

                        Isobel 1812 “Glenshellach” [7]

                                    + William Allan 1838 Glasgow (nativity Ireland)

                        Duncan 1814 “Glenshellach” [8]

                                    + Mary Cameron 1838 Glasgow

                                                + Angus McPhail 1839-1840

                        Donald 1816 “in Glenshellach” [9]

            + Catherine McRae

McPhail Alexander FR18 (FR18) 27 October 1784 Soroba [10]

McPhail Donald FR25 (FR25) 24 February 1787 Soroba lawful son of [11]

            + Isabel McColl

McPhaile Isabell FR35 (FR35) 4 July 1790 no address [12]

            + Donald Cameron 1819 Oban (hypothesis)

Proving Angus McPhail’s paternity and extending the line

This section argues Angus McPhail born about 1839-1840 Glasgow is the son of Duncan McPhail and his first wife, Mary Cameron.  A search of the Old Parish Registers banns and marriages between 1815-1840 yielded thirty-three results for the surname Mcphail (fuzzy matching) forename Duncan (fuzzy matching) and nil results for the Roman Catholic and other churches. One marriage in the Parish of Gorbals is compatible with Angus’ birth period:

“Duncan McPhail, Sailor and Mary Cameron in this parish married by the Revd. D McLeod 4 Nov 1838”

Duncan and Mary are the only couple described as “in this parish“. Other entries on the image have either “both of this parish” or “of” place or parish. The wording “in this parish” may imply residency in, but not originally from.[13]

Searching for a baptism record for Angus McPhail between 1838-1844 in the Old Parish Registers for the Church of Scotland counties of Lanark and Glasgow City as well as the Catholic and other church registers was unproductive.  However, a search of the 1841 census on FreeCen for McPhail Angus (soundex on) located a record for the family of three:

Lanarkshire Barony 622 ED 1 Folio 175 Page 1 – Stobcross St, Verreville House

William Brady 50 labourer Ireland

Unity Brady 40 Ireland

William Brady 16 Potter Ireland

Dauncan McFail 20 labourer OUC

Mary McFail 20 OUC

Angus McFail 2 Lanarkshire [14]

In 1851, Angus McPhail is enumerated at Faolanacrupan, Kinlochspelvie on the Isle of Mull, as the son of Duncan McPhail, age ten born Glasgow.  Although mullgenealogy.co.uk has transcribed and published the 1851 census for Duncan McPhail’s family on its website, that transcript contains errors.

White Sarah 15 n of – b. Kilmore

MacPhail Duncan 40 Pedlar b. Kinlochspelvie

MacPhail Ann 40 w b. Ardgour

MacPhail Angus 10 s b. Glasgow

MacPhail Niel 7mths s b. Kinlochspelvie

The original image shows Sarah White is the second entry under this household, but it is unclear whether the line above her entry contained details of the head of the household; there is hint of script, but it may have leaked through from other pages.  Sarah White’s relationship to the head is niece. [15]

Duncan McPhail is described as visitor, married, age 40, Pedlar. His place of birth is Argyleshire, Kilmore rather than Kinlochspelvie. Niel (sic), seven months has his birthplace entered as not known.[16] Ann’s birthplace of Ardgour fits with the 1861 census Shore Street, Oban for this family.[17] John Mcphail, who appears in the 1861 census Shore Street, Oban as a fourteen year old, may be the same John McPhail age four, enumerated in 1851 as a lodger in the home of pauper Catherine McLeod, High Street, Oban.[18]

Duncan McPhail married second, Ann McLean, either – in – or after – 1844 at Glasgow. No marriage banns are discoverable. The date of marriage, while partly indecipherable, is recorded on the 1855 birth certificate of Archibald McPhail. The number of living children of the marriage, is three (my emphasis: John, Neil, Dugald 1853).[19] Duncan’s occupation, general hawker corroborates his occupation enumerated in the 1851 census although, by 1860, he is a member of the fishing crew of Hugh McTavish, Colin MacDougall and Peter McIntyre.[20]

Angus McPhail’s marriage certificate contains a wealth of information that also confirms his parental ties. When he married Mary Ann McCallum on 31 December 1867 at Glasgow, Mary Cameron is deceased, and Duncan McPhail’s occupation is recorded as fisherman. The couple were married at the home of Seaman’s Chaplin and ordained Congregational minister, Robert Weir. Donald McCallum and Donald Patterson acted as witness. [21]

Indeed, the 1896 death certificate for Angus McPhail verifies his parental connections – Duncan McPhail labourer and Mary Cameron. However, his age at death, recorded as seventy-four, birth year of 1822, presents a conundrum. An age discrepancy of seventeen years requires resolution. There is no reason to question R McKelvie M.D, certification of the cause of death – “Heart disease hastened by intemperate living”.  Intemperate living hastens heart disease and ages a person, but his wrinkled, leathery, weather beaten face from years at sea probably contributed to him looking older than he was. Alternatively, the age written may be a clerical error. His father’s age at death was out by seven or so years.

Moreover, Angus is described as married, spouse unidentified and his death was registered on the information of Procurator Fiscal Wm. Sproat. There is no mention of being found dead and the words “last seen alive” are not used. But the date of death 2 June 1896 – registered 11 June – nine days later by the Procurator Fiscal intimates Angus died suddenly.  A precognition was not taken, so death did not occur in suspicious circumstances. Angus is identifiable through his occupation and parents, but why is his spouse not named, and who supplied the details to complete the death certificate? [22]

Returning to the hypothesis posed at the beginning of this paper, that Angus McPhail is the son of Duncan McPhail and his first wife Mary Cameron, it is now possible to state that four evidentiary arguments support that identification. One, the 1851 census where Angus age ten born Glasgow is enumerated as the son of Duncan McPhail. Two, Angus’ known birth date fits with the marriage of his parents at Gorbals in 1838 and his father’s subsequent marriage on or after 1844. Angus’ birth date also fits with birth dates of the other known children of Duncan McPhail and his second wife. Three, Angus’ marriage certificate, written while he was living, identifies his father’s occupation at the time and confirms his mother’s death. Lastly, while Angus’ death certificate overstates his age by seventeen years his parents are identified. The age discrepancy may be a clerical error, but a seafaring life and hard living is a consideration for making a person look older than their age.  Although no baptism record states that Angus was the son of Duncan McPhail and Mary Cameron, the evidence presented, provides the proof.

The McTavish family’s “cultural identity and commercial enterprises followed lines of kinship”. Kinship networks in Oban incorporated extended family members related by blood and marriage as well as friends and neighbours.[23] By looking at connections in extant records the evidence unearthed unites Angus McPhail with his family.

This section intends to determine whether there is enough evidence to argue Duncan McPhail and Mary Cameron are first cousins, in other words is Isabell McPhaile the mother of Mary Cameron born December 1819, the daughter of James McPhaile and Katherine McCowan.

Donald Cameron, if resident Oban 1804, and between the age of eighteen and twenty-four years may have been of military age.[24] Isabell McPhaile, the daughter of James and Katherine McCowan, if she survived infancy, was twenty-nines years when she married in January 1819. Donald’s occupation is not recorded in the marriage register, but the baptismal entry for Mary Cameron, December 1819, gives his occupation as mason in Oban.[25]

Of the six entries on the baptismal image, Donald’s entry is one of two that records the father’s occupation and one of three that records place. Discerning what Rev. Mr Peter MacIntyre means is the key. The entries where the father’s occupation is recorded may indicate the men are new to the area while the absence of occupations in the remaining four entries may indicate the longevity of residence in the parish and the Minister’s familiarity with his parishioners. The other two anomalies were Dugd. Livingston labourer in Oban and Jean Cameron (looks like his spouse) baptised Catharine 14th December, the same day; Margaret the daughter of John Mc(c/b Dougall) – Kerera and Mary Campbell. [26]

An Ancestry hint for Isabell McPhail wife of Donald Cameron conflates the argument Duncan McPhail and Mary Cameron are first cousins. OPR documents uploaded to Ancestry by louisejquinn in 2018 identify Mary Cameron (1819) as the daughter of Isabell and Donald and wife of steamship fireman, James Campbell. Mary Cameron Campbell died September 1903 Glasgow age seventy-two (1831), twelve years younger than a birth year of 1819 suggests.  Interestingly, the informant was James McPhail, nephew, of 147 Stobcross Street, Glasgow. [27] Mary Cameron Campbell’s age in the column on her marriage certificate is partially illegible but, looks like 32 or 52.  Based on an estimated birth year of 1830 or 1810 then Mary Cameron Campbell is not the Mary Cameron baptised December 1819. 

The same author shows the family of Donald Cameron, mason, enumerated High Street, Oban, 1841.

Donald Cameron 45, born this county, mason

Isabella 45, born this county

Allan 15, born this county

Isabella 13, born this county

Ann 13, born this county

Archd. 9, born this county [28]

The data in the census, is not corroborated by baptismal records in the Old Parish Registers, including the Roman Catholic and other Churches. Although the Old Parish Registers are notorious for defects and gaps in the registers a search of the Church of Scotland’s baptismal registers (all counties) for Allan, Isabella, Ann and Archibald based on year of birth with a generous plus or minus, naming parents Donald Cameron and Isabell McPhail returned nil results.

Standard search criteria entered into scotlandspeople.gov.uk database search: “Event: ‘(B OR C OR S)’, Church type: ‘Old Parish Registers’, Surname: ‘Cameron’, Surname Option: ‘Fuzzy’ “.

AllenForename Option: ‘Fuzzy’From year: ‘1821’To year: ‘1831’    38 results
AnnForename Option: ‘Fuzzy’From year: ‘1823’To year: ‘1833’138 results
IsabellaForename Option: ‘Fuzzy’From year: ‘1823’To year: ‘1833’  47 results
ArchForename Option: ‘Fuzzy’From year: ‘1828’To year: ‘1834’Nil results

The Ancestry Tree by louisejquinn shows Ann Cameron, daughter of Donald and Isabell McPhail both deceased, married 1863, Colin McPhail, a twenty-four year iron bolt maker, widow (sic) son of Colin McPhail, distiller’s labourer deceased, and Marion Campbell.[29]  Ann Cameron is described as a twenty-eight year old domestic servant, spinster. Her age of twenty-eight suggests a birth year of 1835 while her age in 1841 suggests a birth year of 1828, out by seven years. 

The author also presents evidence, distiller’s labourer John Cameron, age twenty-five married Margaret McPhail, daughter of Colin and Marion Campbell at Glasgow, 1859. Donald Cameron’s occupation is recorded as agricultural labourer. [30]

Two Mary Camerons born Oban have been identified in census records.The following table outlines the extent to which each “fits” the details known. Despite the tabularised data showing anomalies in the estimated year of birth and tempting though it may be to assume Mary Cameron Campbell and Mary Cameron (1819) are two different people, the origins of Mary Cameron Campbell’s family requires further investigation. Tracing members of the Cameron-McPhail family through census records will provide a clearer picture of their origins and ages. There is a possibility Isabella McPhail Cameron and Colin McPhail are related. Until that is explored a proof argument that Duncan McPhail and Mary Cameron (1819) are first cousins cannot be made.

Mary Cameron (1819)Mary Cameron b. Oban 1825Mary Cameron b. Oban 1829Mary Cameron m. 1862Mary Cameron Campbell
1838 Gorbals married Duncan McPhail  1862 marriage James Campbell Age 32 or 52 Occupation domestic servant1903 death Age 72 wife of James Campbell – married forty odd years; puts age at marriage closer to 32 than 52
1841 Stobcross St, Verreville House, Barony Dauncan McFail 20 labourer OUC Mary McFail 20 OUC Angus McFail 2 LKS In the home of William Brady 50 labourer IRE  184118411841   
 1851 Sandyford Road Barony Relationship Servant Age 26 Cook [31]1851 Buccleuch Street Barony Relationship Servant Age 22 Cook [32]  
1867 Mary Cameron deceased wife of Duncan McPhail Marriage Certificate 1868 Angus McPhail & Mary Ann McCallum (m. 31 Dec 1867) 1861 Mary Cameron Age 32 est. birth year 1829 Relationship Servant 646/2 Partick Govan Lanarkshire 14 Kew Terrace; Cook ED12A Householder Schedule No. 166 Line 8 CSSCT186_114 (Ancestry hint not viewed)   1871 Mary Campbell est. birth year 1831 Oban census county Lanarkshire (Ancestry hint not viewed)
1896 Mary Cameron wife of Duncan McPhail Death Certificate son Angus McPhail   1891 Mary Campbell est. birth year 1829 Oban census county Lanarkshire (Ancestry hint not viewed)  

Biographical data family Angus McPhail and Mary Ann McCallum

Angus and Mary Ann maintained separate residences at the time of their marriage.

From August 1868-1871 residence 70 Carrick St (District Clyde)

birth John 20 August 1868;

birth Mary 21 October 1870;

death Mary 1872 at 37 Brown St, Glasgow. [33]

Mary Ann registered the births and death of her children.

1871 Angus McPhail is enumerated as head, sailor from home, birthplace blank;

Mary Ann 29 b. Oban; her dau. Catherine 5 b. Oban; John 2 and Mary 5 months both Glasgow; has boarders, including Archibald Fletcher 28 tailor b. Oban. [34]

Neighbour Norman McRae 47 Sailor b. Inverness Sh. Skye and his family.

1881 Mary Ann McPhail 38, with daughter Catherine 14 unmarried and son John 12 scholar.

Neighbour John Cameron 44 Seaman b. Argyleshire; wife Agnes 40; dau Agnes 6 and Sarah 6mths. The address of the tenement is unclear but number 214.[35]

1899 Mary Ann McPhail, scullery maid, widow of (blank) last seen on the night of 1 August or morning of the second, 11 Airds Crescent, Oban usual residence 9 Tweeddale Street, Oban. Age 58. Father Hugh McCallum Tailor Mother Catherine McCallum Ms McGregor. Information Will. Sproat Procurator Fiscal. [36]

“Finding Mary Graham McPhail May” is published in a separate post.

This paper provides an original contribution to the family of Angus McPhail, Mary Graham and their descendants. This research should not be accepted as conclusive, there may be mistakes in the transcription of records or my hypothesis may prove to be false. If you wish to include any of the material contained in, or derived from this paper, place quotation marks around the extracted portion and credit it as follows: “Sarah Baird, “Angus McPhail and Mary Graham 1783-1877”, August 2020 at sbaird1.wordpress.com/2021/04/06/the-family-of-angus-mcphail-and-mary-graham-oban-argyll-scotland/”.


[1] Elizabeth Shown Mills, “Testing the FAN Principle Against DNA: Zilphy (Watts) Price Cooksey Cooksey of Georgia and Mississippi”, National Genealogical Society Quarterly, 145: “Identity and kinship conclusions should always rest on a wide range of factors. Naming, migration, cultural patterns, and associations are critical to building a case for each person’s identity and placement in a specific family”.

[2] The Journal of Jurisprudence, 1861 Volume V at page 271 the High Court proceedings for Angus McPhail. An excerpt from Reports of Cases before the High Court and Circuit Courts of Justiciary in Scotland during the years 1861, 1862, 1864 and 1864 by Alexander Forbes Irvine, Advocate. Vol IV.

[3] https://inverarayjail.co.uk “Angus McPhail Prisoner No 949: Age 19: Crime: Salmon Killing Sentence: 20 days imprisonment or 46/- Tried: 30 June 1860 by Sheriff Robertson Single Address: Born Glasgow Resident Oban. Occupation: Sailor; Admitted 25 September 1860 after non-payment of fine. Released 15 October 1860 (20 days in Inveraray Jail)”. (Accessed July 2020).

[4] In the digitised Crew Lists & Agreements 1881 there are two Angus McPhails, one born about 1839-1840 at Oban and the other born Stornoway. Angus McPhail Stornoway is identifiable by Reserve No. 61032.

[5] See https://lists.rootsweb.com/hyperkitty/list/sct-argyll.rootsweb.com/thread/1805897/ (accessed 2019).

[6] See https://lists.rootsweb.com/hyperkitty/list/sct-argyll.rootsweb.com/thread/1805897/: https://scotlandspeople.gov.uk “Church registers – Old Parish Registers Banns and marriages – Search results May Gilbert Graham Mary 30/03/1822 523/20 149 Kilmore and Kilbride”. Image not viewed.

[7] “27/10/1812 MCPHAIL, ISOBEL (Old Parish Registers Births 523/ 10 87 Kilmore and Kilbride) Page 87 of 168”, National Records of Scotland; digital image (https://scotlandspeople.gov.uk : accessed 19 July 2020).

[8] “24/08/1814 MCPHAILE, DUNCAN (Old Parish Registers Births 523/ 10 93 Kilmore and Kilbride) Page 93 of 168”, National Records of Scotland; digital image (https://scotlandspeople.gov.uk : accessed 8 February 2020).

[9] “14/11/1816 MCPHAILE, CATHARINE (Old Parish Registers Births 523/ 10 99 Kilmore and Kilbride) Page 99 of 168”, National Records of Scotland; digital image (https://scotlandspeople.gov.uk : accessed 27 January 2020); Donald McPhail’s baptism entry appears on this image.

[10] “27/10/1784 MCPHAIL, ALEXANDER (Old Parish Registers Births 523/ 10 7 Kilmore and Kilbride) Page 7 of 168”, National Records of Scotland; digital image (https://scotlandspeople.gov.uk : accessed 8 February 2020).

[11] “24/02/1787 MCPHAIL, DONALD (Old Parish Registers Births 523/ 10 14 Kilmore and Kilbride) Page 14 of 168”, National Records of Scotland; digital image (https://scotlandspeople.gov.uk : accessed 27 January 2020).

[12] “04/07/1790 MCPHAILE, ISABELL (Old Parish Registers Births 523/ 10 24 Kilmore and Kilbride) Page 24 of 168”, National Records of Scotland; digital image (https://scotlandspeople.gov.uk : accessed 8 February 2020).

[13] “04/11/1838 MCPHAIL, DUNCAN (Old Parish Registers Marriages 644/2 70 223 Gorbals) Page 223 of 570”, National Records of Scotland; digital image (https://scotlandspeople.gov.uk : accessed 21 July 2020).

[14] Free UK Genealogy “Scottish General Register Office: 1841 Census Returns database”, FreeCEN (https://www.freecen.org.uk/search_records/5a14eb5ff4040b9d6ef2900c : accessed 31 Jul 2020) [data about Angus MCFAIL in household of William BRADY]; citing Piece: 1 Place: Barony Enumeration District: 175 Civil Parish: Barony Ecclesiastical Parish: 622 Folio: 1 Page: Schedule: Stobcross St, Verreville House.

[15] “1851 WHITE, SARAH (Census 545/ 3/ 16) Page 16 of 17)”, National Records of Scotland; digital image (https://scotlandspeople.gov.uk : accessed 21 July 2020).

[16] “1851 WHITE, SARAH (Census 545/ 3/ 16) Page 16 of 17)”, National Records of Scotland; digital image (https://scotlandspeople.gov.uk : accessed 21 July 2020).

[17] “1861 Scotland Census”, Ancestry.com (https://ancestry.com.au : accessed before 2020), search for Duncan McPhail resident Oban 1861, transcription citing “Parish: Kilmore and Kilbride; ED: 1; Page: 16; Line: 22; Roll: CSSCT1861_70”.

[18] “1851 MCPHAIL, JOHN (Census 523/ 9/ 8) Page 8 of 30”, National Records of Scotland; digital image (https://scotlandspeople.gov.uk : accessed : 20 July 2020).

[19] “1855 MACPHAIL, ARCHIBALD (Statutory registers Births 523/1 26)”, National Records of Scotland; digital image; (https://scotlandspeople.gov.uk : accessed 21 July 2020) “MacPhail, Archibald (present informant) 17 July 1855 6h pm at Ca- near Shore St, Oban F: Duncan MacPhail General Hawker 35 years Glenshellach near (Oban?) Married year looks like 1844 but may be 1849, Glasgow. Issue three boys living. Ann MacPhail maiden name MacLean Issue her third child 35 years Ardgour, Argyleshire Informant Duncan MacPhail father Registered 1855 – illegible at Oban”.

[20] “RELIEF OF THE OBAN FISHERMEN.” Glasgow Herald [Glasgow, Scotland] 30 Oct. 1860: n.p., British Library Newspapers; Web. 28 July 2020.

[21] “1868 MCPHAIL, ANGUS (Statutory registers Marriages 644/6 32)” National Records of Scotland; digital image; (https://scotlandspeople.gov.uk : accessed 24 July 2020): “On the 31 December 1867 at 8 Douglas St, Glasgow after banns according to the forms of the Congregational Church; Sgd Angus by his x mark McPhail witnesses to his mark Donald Patterson Donald McCallum Seaman Merchant Service, Bachelor Age 26. Presently residing at 37 West Carrick St, Glasgow; F Duncan McPhail fisherman M Mary McPhail Ms Cameron deceased Sgd Mary Ann McCallum domestic servant spinster Age 25 4 Wood Lane, Glasgow F Hugh McCallum Tailor M Catherine McCallum Ms McGregor deceased Sgd Robert Weir Seaman’s Chaplain and ordained Congregational minister Sgd Donald McCallum witness Sgd Jane A Weir witness Registered 3 January 1868 at Glasgow”.

[22] “1896 MCPHAIL, ANGUS (Statutory registers Deaths 523/ 40)”, National Records of Scotland; digital image; (https://scotlandspeople.gov.uk : accessed 19 July 2020).

[23] Thomas R Saxton, “Living in Two Worlds: Kinship Networks and Pennsylvania’s Integration into the Atlantic World” (2011).Theses and Dissertations. Paper 1238, 1:6.

[24] Fiona Morrison, The Development of Oban as a tourist resort 1770-1901. Doctorate Thesis (Doctorate). Bournemouth University, 2015, 155.

[25] “20/12/1819 CAMERON, MARY (Old Parish Registers Births 523/ 10 157 Kilmore and Kilbride) Page 157 of 168”, National Records of Scotland; digital image; (https://scotlandspeople.gov.uk : accessed 25 July 2020).

[26] “20/12/1819 CAMERON, MARY (Old Parish Registers Births 523/ 10 157 Kilmore and Kilbride) Page 157 of 168”, National Records of Scotland; digital image; (https://scotlandspeople.gov.uk : accessed 25 July 2020).

[27] “1903 CAMERON, MARY (Statutory registers Deaths 644/10 449)”, National Records of Scotland; digital image; (https://scotlandspeople.gov.uk : accessed 23 July 2020).

[28] “1841 CAMERON, DONALD (Census 523/ 9/ 5) Page 5 of 19″, )”, National Records of Scotland; digital image; (https://scotlandspeople.gov.uk : accessed 23 July 2020).

[29] “1863 MCPHAIL, COLIN (Statutory registers Marriages 644/8 71)”, National Records of Scotland; digital image; (https://scotlandspeople.gov.uk : accessed 23 July 2020) : Free UK Genealogy “Scottish General Register Office: 1841 Census Returns database”, FreeCEN (https://www.freecen.org.uk/search_records/5a14ddfbf4040b9d6ee3d168 : accessed 3 Aug 2020) [data about Colin MCPHAIL in household of Colin MCPHAIL]; citing Piece: 1 Place: Barony Enumeration District: 1 Civil Parish: Barony Ecclesiastical Parish: 622 Folio: 12 Page: Schedule: Bishop St “Colin McPhail 43 distiller born Lanarkshire with Marrion 38 LKS; Elizabeth 15 silk throuster; Donald 13; Duncan 9; Margret 7; John 4; Colin 1 all LKS” : Free UK Genealogy “Scottish General Register Office: 1851 Census Returns database”, FreeCEN (https://www.freecen.org.uk/search_records/5a150447f4040b9d6e0e8ff3 : accessed 3 Aug 2020) [data about Marion MCPHAIL]; citing Piece: 622 Place: Barony Enumeration District: 40 Civil Parish: Anderston Ecclesiastical Parish: – Folio: 582 Page: 20 Schedule: 80 Address: Greenhill Street. The discrepancies in place of birth are italicised. “McPhail Marion head w 46 washerwoman ARL Campbelltown; Betsey dau u 24 steam loom weaver ARL Campbelltown; Duncan son 19 Rope spinners apprentice ARL Campbelltown; Margt dau 15 Steam loom weaver LKS Glasgow; John son 14 Rope spinners apprentice LKS Glasgow; Colin son 11 scholar LKS Glasgow.”

[30] “1859 CAMERON, J (Statutory registers Marriages 644/6 367)” National Records of Scotland; digital image; (https://scotlandspeople.gov.uk : accessed 23 July 2020).

[31] Free UK Genealogy “Scottish General Register Office: 1851 Census Returns database”, FreeCEN (https://www.freecen.org.uk/search_records/5a1502d9f4040b9d6e0d0044 : accessed 1 Aug 2020) [data about Mary CAMERON in household of John WILSON]; citing Piece: 622 Place: Barony Enumeration District: 18 Civil Parish: Anderston Ecclesiastical Parish: – Folio: 580 Page: 22 Schedule: 79 Address: Sandyford Road.

[32] Free UK Genealogy “Scottish General Register Office: 1851 Census Returns database”, FreeCEN (https://www.freecen.org.uk/search_records/5a15065df4040b9d6e10b886 : accessed 2 Aug 2020) [data about Mary CAMERON in household of James HUTCHESON]; citing Piece: 622 Place: Barony Enumeration District: 26 Civil Parish: Blythswood Ecclesiastical Parish: – Folio: 586 Page: 18 Schedule: 70 Address: Buccleuch Street.

[33] “1868 MCPHAIL, JOHN (Statutory registers Births 644/5 832) District Clyde”, National Records of Scotland; digital image; (https://scotlandspeople.gov.uk : accessed 26 July 2020) : “1870 MCPHAIL, MARY (Statutory registers Births 644/5 920) District Clyde”, National Records of Scotland; digital image; (https://scotlandspeople.gov.uk : accessed 26 July 2020) : “1872 MCPHAIL, MARY (Statutory registers Deaths 644/5 233) District of Clyde”, National Records of Scotland; digital image; (https://scotlandspeople.gov.uk : accessed 26 July 2020).

[34] “1871 MCPHAIL, MARYANN (Census 644/5 41/ 7) Page 7 of 20 Civil Parish of St George Burgh Glasgow” National Records of Scotland; digital image; (https://scotlandspeople.gov.uk : accessed 26 July 2020).

[35] “1881 MCPHAIL, MARY ANN (Census 644/7 66/ 16) Page 16 of 18 Civil parish of Barony Quoad Sacra parish of Blythswood”, National Records of Scotland; digital image; (https://scotlandspeople.gov.uk : accessed 26 July 2020).

[36] “1899 MCPHAIL, MARY ANN (Statutory registers Deaths 523/ 72)”, National Records of Scotland; digital image; (https://scotlandspeople.gov.uk : accessed 24 July 2020).